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The prehistoric societies of the western Colorado Plateau and the eastern Great Basin can be characterized by variation and diversity; they are neither readily defined nor easily encapsulated within a single description. Some people were primarily settled farmers, growing corn, beans, and squash in small plots along streams at the base of mountain ranges; some were nom, collecting wild plants and animals to support themselves; still others would shift between these lifestyles. In some areas the population was relatively dense; in other places only dating Fremont indians groups were found widely scattered across the landscape. People living in this region may even have spoken different languages or had widely divergent dialects. Yet, despite the diversity of these lifestyles and the varied geography which helped structure their actions, these people seem to have shared patterns of behavior and ways of living that tie them together. Today we call these scattered groups of hunters and farmers the Fremont, but that name may be more reflective of our own need to categorize things than it is a reflection of how closely related these people were to each other.
This could be for practical reasons, such as traction, or possibly for some symbolic meaning. Latest News.
The panels often depict highly-decorated trapezoidal-shaped human figures, along with bighorn sheep, deer, dogs, birds, snakes, and lizards. Lipe Chair of Research Dr. Kyle Bocinsky! The ancient Fremont people once stretched out across a vast, rugged high-desert landscape larger than most European nations—and they left behind countless stone structures, beautiful and distinct artifacts, and pictograph and petroglyph panels that rival any found in the world.
There are many theories but little agreement on where the Fremont came from; what their relationship was to their neighbors including the Ancestral Pueblo, the Hohokam, and the Ute, among others ; and, most intriguingly, where they went after their culture finally collapsed around AD But the clues they left behind give a tantalizing look into life for the people who called the region home for nearly 1, years. These and other factors likely led to the Fremont either leaving the region or becoming absorbed into other neighboring cultures.
Ute Mountain Ute tribal lands include many examples of Fremont rock art imagery and other Fremont artifacts.
But the major question for many researchers remains: Where did the Fremont people go? But as is the case for so much about the Fremont, archaeologists may never know for certain. Becky Hammond says that in many ways the Fremont rock art panels are something of a mystery for the Ute people of today, whose ancestors arrived in the Four Corners region roughly the same time as when the Fremont people departed. The Fremont people also created countless rock art panels across the region—their exact meaning is unknown, but are seen by many researchers as being mostly symbolic representations of migrations, hunting trips, travel routes, religious or spiritual events, and celestial information.
According to archaeologists, Fremont culture peaked around ADwith a major decline starting in roughly ADand no archaeological evidence for a widespread Fremont culture past AD Researchers say that a combination of factors may have led to the abandonment of the Fremont culture—especially climate change that not only stressed the Fremont people who tended to live at higher altitudes in which survival could be marginal even in good years but also the neighboring Ancestral Pueblo people, which led to a decline in the availability of trade goods for the Fremont.
One area where Fremont people are quite distinct from their neighbors is their footwear. The scholars on the trip, scheduled for May, include some of the leading experts in Fremont culture and their interaction with neighboring tribes. And yet, for the most part, the Fremont people are something of an enigma.
But where the Ancestral Pueblo people relied largely on farming for their existence the Fremont people remained at least partly nomadic, relying on hunting wild game animals and gathering other wild food sources in addition to farming for their diets. Porter Swentzell, Ph. Archaeologists say that the diverse Fremont culture shared some similarities with their southern neighbors, the Ancestral Pueblo people, in that they grew corn, beans, and squash; built and lived in pithouses; and created distinct woven baskets and gray-walled pottery.
In any case, the Fremont people left behind an incredible and unique, if somewhat mysterious, story on the landscape of the American West. The rock art sites also often include abstract and geometric shapes and handprints. That time period also marked the arrival of Ute, Navajo, and other hunter-gatherer tribes to the region, which may have also placed added stress on Fremont culture.