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  • Age:
  • 28
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  • Female
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Native American tribes in North Dakota have their own distinct and different origins, histories and languages. Plains tribes are united by core beliefs and values that emanate from respect for the earth and an understanding of humankind's relationship with nature.

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DeCarlo, Peter. Dakota kinship created an extensive social and communal structure that extended across the Dakota nation, ensuring that no matter the village or community visited, a Dakota would likely find a relative.

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Gibbon, Guy. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, Hyman, Collette, A. Meyer, Roy. History of the Santee Sioux. A harsh climate, tenuous food sources, and potential conflict with neighbors made it essential for Dakota communities to work together at such tasks as hunting and gathering food, cultivating crops, processing animal skins for clothing and shelter, and providing for communal defense.

European and European American fur traders, and later the US government, would utilize and at times exploit these kinship networks to foster trade and establish political relationships with the Dakota communities in the region during the early s. They gathered wood, processed hides, farmed, made clothes, and were the central keepers of the home.

Today, the continuation of the Dakota communities, culture, and connection to Mni Sota highlight the great resiliency of the Dakota people. And to be civilized was to keep the rules imposed by kinship for achieving civility, good manners, and a sense of responsibility towards every individual dealt with.

The story of survival is highlighted within the US-Dakota War of Dakota people survived extermination policies following the war; though some were able to stay in their homelands of the Mni Sota region, most were forced out of the state. Dakota people are comprised of four groups: The Bdewakantunwan MdewakantonWahpetunwan WahpetonWahpekute, and Sissitunwan Sisseton people form what is known as the Isanti Santeeor eastern Dakota a word that means ally.

They processed the game and harvested traditional medicines and indigenous plants, as well crops such as corn, squash, and beans. Without that aim and the constant struggle to attain it, the people would no longer be Dakotas in truth. Minnesota Historical Society Press, Deloria, Ella. The Dakota Way of Life. Speaking of Indians.

This traditional lifestyle of communal support and a deep connection to the land and natural resources are the basis for Dakota society and culture. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, Indian Boyhood.

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Yankton Dakota anthropologist Ella Deloria wrote in "The Ultimate aim of a Dakota life, stripped of accessories, was quite simple: One must obey kinship rules; one must be a good relative. To be a good Dakota, then, was to be humanized, civilized. Wilson, Waziyatawin Angela, ed.

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Watercolor painting. Oneroad, Amos E. Minnesota Historical Society. Today Mni Sota Makoce continues to be sacred land to Dakota people everywhere, and tribal members continue to return and seek acknowledgement as well as participation in decisions that are made about the places of historic and cultural ificance to their communities.

A Dakota woman and her children, about Peters River in Winter," Oil on canvas painting by Seth Eastman. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, Bdote Memory Map. Canku, Clifford, Simon, Michael.

The native american experience

Community governance was accomplished through consensus, with all concerned parties being able to speak and be heard. Dakota people at Mnihaha Minnehaha Falls— Child dressed in regalia dancing at a Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community powwow, Anderson, Gary Clayton.

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In the s, daily life for the Dakota centered on survival. Eastman, Charles Alexander Ohiyesa.

Source: Amon Carter Museum. In the last analysis every other consideration was secondary-property, personal ambition, glory, good times, life itself. Collectively today, these groups have tribal lands that cover areas from present day Minnesota, to South Dakota, North Dakota, Nebraska, and into Canada. Oil on canvas painting. No Dakota who has participated in that life will dispute that.

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In autumn, families moved to the year's chosen hunting grounds for the annual hunt that also prepared them for the upcoming winter. They also gathered wild rice along the vast lakes throughout Mni Sota. During the summer months families gathered in villages to hunt and fish. Newcomers could be welcomed into Dakota communities through ritualized ceremonies where the obligations of kinship were bestowed upon the individuals involved.

Men hunted and fished to provide game for the entire village, while also securing community safety. The Struggle for Liberation in Dakota Homeland. Kinship formed the basis for traditional Dakota social structure.

What Does Justice Look Like? Westerman, Gwen, and Bruce White. In Dakota society women have always held an essential role. Remember This!

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The Soul of the Indian. Dakota summer lodge, — Watercolor painting by Seth Eastman.

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Historically, the Santee Dakota moved their villages and varied their work according to the seasons. Winter months were spent living off the stores of supplies they built up during the year, along with continual fishing and hunting.

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New York. In the spring, winter villages dispersed and men left on hunting parties while women, children, and the elderly moved into sugaring camps to make maple sugar and syrup. University of Nebraska Press. They would no longer even be human.

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