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View in National Archives Catalog. The pictures described in this list portray Native Americans, their homes, and activities. Geological Survey Record Group All of the pictures described in the list are either photographs or copies of artworks.


Social life centres on the village, which is also the primary political unit. Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Among the western Puebloans, especially the Hopi, farming was less reliable because there were few permanent water sources.

Among all Pueblo peoples, communal rabbit hunts were held, and women gathered wild plants to eat.

Traditionally, Pueblo peoples were farmers, with the types of farming and associated traditions of property ownership varying among the groups. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Kidder Adolph Bandelier Show more. Many of the Rio Grande Puebloans had special hunting societies that hunted deer and antelope in the mountains, and easterly Puebloans such as the Taos and Picuris sometimes sent hunters to the Plains for bison.

Historical examples of Pueblo syncretism include the addition of sheep and shepherding to the agricultural economy and the adoption of some Christian religious practices.

The colonizers retreated from the region for several years but completed a reconquest in Subsequently, most villages adapted to colonial rule through syncretismadopting and incorporating those aspects of the dominant culture necessary for survival under its regime, while maintaining the basic fabric of traditional culture.

The clans of the eastern Pueblos are organized into complementary moieties, known respectively as the Summer people and the Winter people Tanoans or as the Turquoise people and the Squash people. Pueblo peoples are thought to be the descendants of the prehistoric Ancestral Pueblo Anasazi culture.

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Traditional social and religious practices are fairly well understood for the western Pueblo peoples because distance and the rugged landscape Group of Pueblo Indians playing a game, Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Many Pueblo peoples continue to practice the kachina katsina religion, a complex belief system in which hundreds of divine beings act as intermediaries between humans and God.

Pueblo Indians. Pueblo Indian pottery: left Acoma water jar, c. Less is known of the pre-conquest…. Just as there was considerable regional diversity among the Ancestral Puebloans, there is similar diversity, both cultural and linguistic, among the contemporary Pueblo peoples.

Print Cite verified Cite. Acoma Pueblo.

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Those societies were centred in the kivassubterranean ceremonial chambers that also functioned as private clubs and lounging rooms for men. Early 21st-century population estimates indicated approximately 75, individuals of Pueblo descent. In the southwest, the earliest villages of farmers appeared by about bceand this initial development in southern New Mexico and Arizona was succeeded by a gradual spread of this way of life as far north as southwestern Colorado, east to the Pecos….

See all media. on This Topic. Along the Rio Grande and its tributaries, corn maize and cotton were cultivated in irrigated fields in river bottoms. History at your fingertips.

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Each of the 70 or more Pueblo villages extant before Spanish colonization was politically autonomousgoverned by a council composed of the he of religious societies. Full Article. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Contemporary Pueblo peoples continue to use syncretic strategies; they have adopted a variety of modern convenience products, yet they extensively retain their traditional kinship systems, religionsand crafts.

Pueblo IndiansNorth American Indian peoples known for living in compact permanent settlements known as pueblos.

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Traditional social and religious practices are fairly well understood for the western Pueblo peoples because distance and the rugged landscape of the Colorado Plateau afforded them some protection from the depredations of Spanish, and later American, colonizers. External Websites.

Pueblo indians

up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Additional Info. Give Feedback External Websites. Representative of the Southwest Indian culture areamost live in northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Early 20th-century kinship studies indicated that some pueblos may have had more than 30 clans at one time, which were often grouped into two larger units, or moieties.

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Traditionally, women did most of the farming, but as hunting diminished in importance, men also became responsible for agricultural work. The exception is the village of Hano, composed of Tewa refugees from the Rio Grande. address. In contrast, the western Puebloans are organized into several matrilineal lineages and clans; secret societies, each controlled by a particular clan, perform a calendrical cycle of rituals to ensure rain and tribal welfare.

These groups alternate responsibility for pueblo activities, and their secret societies deal primarily with curing rituals.

Kinship is typically reckoned through the lineage, a group that shares a common ancestor; several lineages together form a clan. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Tanoan languages such as Tewa are distantly related to Uto-Aztecanbut Keresan has no known affinities.

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Contemporary Puebloans are customarily described as belonging to either the eastern or the western division. Facebook Twitter.

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There is evidence of early human settlement on this continent dating from at least 25, B.